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CASE REPORT
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 2

Bronchial Artery Aneurysm with Associated Bronchial Artery to Pulmonary Artery Fistula: Treatment by Embolization


1 Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Olive View - UCLA Medical Center, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA
2 Department of Radiological Sciences, Division of Interventional Radiology, Olive View - UCLA Medical Center, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA

Correspondence Address:
Nader Kamangar
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Medicine and Critical Care, UCLA Medical Center, David Geffen School of Medicine, Sylmar, CA 91342
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.199052

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Bronchial artery aneurysm (BAA) is a rare vascular phenomenon. This review highlights a case of a BAA that was complicated by the presence of a bronchial artery to pulmonary artery (BA-PA) fistula, consequently presenting a unique challenge to management. BAAs have a strongly reported risk of rupture resulting in life-threatening hemoptysis. Embolization has thus become routine for the management such severe cases. The management of incidentally found anomalies is less obvious, but prophylactic embolization is a generally accepted practice. In this report, we review some of the risks and benefits associated with BAA embolization with specific consideration of the challenges in cases of co-existing BA-PA fistula.


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