Congenital left ventricular diverticulum is a rare cardiac malformation characterized by a localized out-pouching from the cardiac chamber. They are most often found in the left ventricle (LV) but have been reported to occur in all chambers of the heart. The patient is usually asymptomatic. However, complications like embolism, infective endocarditis, arrhythmia and, rarely, rupture may be the initial presentation. Diagnosis can be established by echocardiography (EKG), computed tomographic (CT) angiography, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We report a case of congenital left ventricular diverticulum in an adult with no valvular abnormality as an incidental finding in an uncommon location.
Niraj Kumar Dipak, Sumitra Venkatesh, Shakuntala Prabhu and Sudha Rao (2017) Evolution of ventricular outpouching through the fetal and postnatal periods: Unabating dilemma of serial observation or surgical correction. Journal of the Saudi Heart Association29(3):203. doi: 10.1016/j.jsha.2016.10.004
Gabriela Dostálová, Tomáš Paleček, Petr Kuchynka, Štěpán Havránek, Martin Mašek, Zuzana Hlubocká, Debora Karetová, Dan Wichterle, Jaroslava Dušková, Jaroslav Lindner and Aleš Linhart (2017) A congenital diverticulum of the left ventricular apex manifested by stroke and recurrent ventricular tachycardia. Cardiovascular Pathology28:3. doi: 10.1016/j.carpath.2017.01.009
Myriam Jrad, Meriem Affes, Salma Behi, Amine Laabidi and Habiba Mizouni (2016) Case Report: Congenital left ventricular diverticulum: a pediatric case report. F1000Res5:2628. doi: 10.12688/f1000research.9936.1
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