Objectives: The purpose of this study is to establish a database including prevalence and degree of breast arterial calcifications (BAC) in our population of women presenting for mammography. Materials and Methods: The mammograms of 1786 women over the age of 40 years were examined for the presence and degree of BAC. Statistical analysis was performed to correlate patient’s age and ethnic origin with the presence and degree of BAC. Results: There was statistically significant and strong correlation between the patient’s age and presence of BAC. There was also a less strong yet statistically significant correlation between patient age and degree of BAC. Regression analysis showed the likelihood of BAC at various ages. The prevalence of BAC is only 2% of women under 50 years of age; the prevalence of Grade 2-3 BAC is only 1% in women under 60 years of age. Conclusion: There is a predictable increase with age in both prevalence and degree of BAC in women. The presence of high degree BAC in women under 60 years of age or any BAC in women under 50 years of age is unusual.
Domnique Newallo, Felix G. Meinel, U. Joseph Schoepf, Stefan Baumann, Carlo N. De Cecco, Rebecca J. Leddy, Rozemarijn Vliegenthart, Helge Möllmann, Christian W. Hamm, Pamela B. Morris and Matthias Renker (2015) Mammographic detection of breast arterial calcification as an independent predictor of coronary atherosclerotic disease in a single ethnic cohort of African American women. Atherosclerosis242(1):218. doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2015.07.004
Rubina Manuela Trimboli, Marina Codari, Alberto Bert, Luca Alessandro Carbonaro, Sara Maccagnoni, Dario Raciti, Daniela Bernardi, Paola Clauser, Claudio Losio, Alberto Tagliafico and Francesco Sardanelli (2018) Breast arterial calcifications on mammography: intra- and inter-observer reproducibility of a semi-automatic quantification tool. Radiol med123(3):168. doi: 10.1007/s11547-017-0827-6
D. Ružičić, M. Dobrić, M. Vuković, D. Hrnčić, S. Đorđević, M. Ružičić, S. Aleksandrić, A. Đorđević-Dikić and B. Beleslin (2018) The correlation of SYNTAX score by coronary angiography with breast arterial calcification by digital mammography. Clinical Radiology73(5):454. doi: 10.1016/j.crad.2017.12.002
Eva J.E. Hendriks, Pim A. de Jong, Yolanda van der Graaf, Willem P.Th.M. Mali, Yvonne T. van der Schouw and Joline W.J. Beulens (2015) Breast arterial calcifications: A systematic review and meta-analysis of their determinants and their association with cardiovascular events. Atherosclerosis239(1):11. doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2014.12.035
Laurie R. Margolies, Mary M. Salvatore, Harvey S. Hecht, Rowena Yip, David F. Yankelevitz and Claudia I. Henschke (2015) WITHDRAWN: Digital breast arterial calcium score is predictive of coronary calcium score. Clinical Imaging:. doi: 10.1016/j.clinimag.2015.02.016
Dušan Ružičić, Milan Dobrić, Mira Vuković, Dragan Hrnčić, Slavica Đorđević, Milijana Ružičić, Srđan Aleksandrić, Ana Đorđević-Dikić and Branko Beleslin (2018) Novel Assessment Tool For Coronary Artery Disease Severity During Screening Mammography. Health Care for Women International39(10):1075. doi: 10.1080/07399332.2018.1463226
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as the author is credited and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.