Go Back
This abstract was viewed 66 times

Case report


Imaging diagnosis of neonatal anemia: report of two unusual etiologies.

Shabnam Bhandari GroverG Rajalakshmi PreethiSumita SalujaAnkit Bhargava
Departments of Radiodiagnosis and Imaging, and Hematology, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
Date of Submission: 21-Aug-2013, Date of Acceptance: 15-Sep-2013, Date of Web Publication: 31-Dec-2013.
Corresponding Author:
Corresponding Author

Shabnam Bhandari Grover

E-mail: shabnamgrover@yahoo.com

Corresponding Author:
Corresponding Author

Shabnam Bhandari Grover

E-mail: shabnamgrover@yahoo.com

DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.124079 Facebook Twitter Google Linkedin

ABSTRACT


Anemia in neonatal period is rare, with the common causes being Rh and ABO blood group incompatibility, hemorrhagic disease of newborn, congenital hemolytic anemia, hemoglobinopathies, and TORCH (toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes virus) infections. Congenital leukemia and infantile osteopetrosis (OP) are among the rare causes of neonatal anemia. A review of the literature shows approximately 200 reported cases of congenital leukemia. Articles describing the imaging features of congenital leukemia are still rarer. Infantile OP, another rare disorder with a reported incidence of 1 in 250,000 has characteristic imaging features, which are diagnostic of the disease. We report a case each, of two rare diseases: Congenital leukemia and infantile osteopetrosis. Additionally, our report highlights the radiological and imaging features of congenital leukemia and infantile OP and their crucial role in arriving at an early diagnosis.
Keywords: Congenital Leukemia, Infantile Osteopetrosis, Neonatal Anemia, Radiological And Imaging Features

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as the author is credited and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.