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Review article

Cystic and cavitary lung lesions in children: radiologic findings with pathologic correlation.

Kemal OdevIbrahim GulerTamer AltinokSevgi PekcanAbdussamed BaturHüseyin Ozbiner
Departments of Radiology, Thoracic Surgery, and Pediatric Chest Diseases, Necmettin Erbakan University Meram Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Konya Research and Education Hospital, Konya, Turkey
Date of Submission: 11-Sep-2013, Date of Acceptance: 10-Oct-2013, Date of Web Publication: 31-Dec-2013.
Corresponding Author:
Corresponding Author

Kemal Odev

E-mail: kemalodev50@yahoo.com

Corresponding Author:
Corresponding Author

Kemal Odev

E-mail: kemalodev50@yahoo.com

DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.124087 Facebook Twitter Google Linkedin


A number of diseases produce focal or multiple thin-walled or thick-walled air- or fluid-containing cysts or cavitary lung lesions in both infants and children. In infants and children, there is a spectrum of focal or multifocal cystic and cavitary lung lesions including congenital lobar emphysema, congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, pleuropulmonary blastoma, bronchogenic cyst, pulmonary sequestration, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, airway diseases, infectious diseases (bacterial infection, fungal infection, etc.), hydatid cysts, destroid lung, and traumatic pseudocyst. For the evaluation of cystic or cavitary lung lesion in infants and children, imaging plays an important role in accurate early diagnosis and optimal patient management. Therefore, a practical imaging approach based on the most sensitive and least invasive imaging modality in an efficient and cost-effective manner is paramount. We reviewed the conventional radiographs and computed tomography findings of the most common cystic and cavitary lung lesions in infants and children.
Keywords: Cavitary Lung Lesions, Computed Tomography, Cystic Lung Lesions, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Radiograph

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  1. Daksh Jhim (2015) Complicated Hydatid Cyst and “Air Bubble” Sign: A Stepping-Stone to Correct Diagnosis. Am J Case Rep 16:20. doi: 10.12659/AJCR.892621
  2. Nishant Gupta, Robert Vassallo, Kathryn A. Wikenheiser-Brokamp and Francis X. McCormack (2015) Diffuse Cystic Lung Disease. Part I. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 191(12):1354. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201411-2094CI
  3. Hema Kini, Saraswathy Sreeram, Saumya Shukla, Sadashiva Rao, Kausalya Sahu, Deepa Adiga and Pooja Suresh (2019) Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation – 19-Year Experience from a Tertiary Care Center in India. Fetal and Pediatric Pathology :1. doi: 10.1080/15513815.2019.1613703
  4. Fumiaki Kudo, Hiromitsu Ohta, Yoshiaki Nagai, Kentaro Minegishi and Shinichiro Koyama (2017) A young immunocompetent patient with spontaneous Aspergillus empyema who developed severe eosinophilia. Respiratory Medicine Case Reports 22:220. doi: 10.1016/j.rmcr.2017.08.022
  5. Nishant Gupta, Robert Vassallo, Kathryn A. Wikenheiser-Brokamp and Francis X. McCormack (2015) Diffuse Cystic Lung Disease. Part II. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 192(1):17. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201411-2096CI
  6. I. Brent Masters, Alan F. Isles and Keith Grimwood (2017) Necrotizing pneumonia: an emerging problem in children?. Pneumonia 9(1):. doi: 10.1186/s41479-017-0035-0
  7. Sarah J. Menashe, Ramesh S. Iyer, Marguerite T. Parisi, Randolph K. Otto and A. Luana Stanescu (2016) Pediatric Chest Radiographs: Common and Less Common Errors. American Journal of Roentgenology 207(4):903. doi: 10.2214/AJR.16.16449
  8. Evan J. Zucker, Monica Epelman and Beverley Newman (2015) Perinatal Thoracic Mass Lesions: Pre- and Postnatal Imaging. Seminars in Ultrasound, CT and MRI 36(6):501. doi: 10.1053/j.sult.2015.05.016
  9. Amjad Kanj, Hussam Tabaja, Ayman O. Soubani and Nadim Kanj (2018) Traumatic Pulmonary Pseudocyst Mimicking a Congenital Cystic Lung Disease. Case Reports in Pulmonology 2018:1. doi: 10.1155/2018/7269694
  10. Nikolaos-Achilleas Arkoudis, Angeliki Pastroma, Georgios Velonakis, Athanasios Tsochatzis, Argyro Mazioti, Marina Vakaki and Efthymia Alexopoulou (2019) Solitary round pulmonary lesions in the pediatric population: a pictorial review. Acta Radiologica Open 8(5):205846011985199. doi: 10.1177/2058460119851998
  11. Rosa Roemers, Kornelis Patberg, Caroline van de Wauwer, Tam Nguyen and Ghada Shahin (2017) Robot-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy as treatment of a giant bulla. J Cardiothorac Surg 12(1):. doi: 10.1186/s13019-017-0595-3

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