Cystic and cavitary lung lesions in children: radiologic findings with pathologic correlation.
Kemal Odev, Ibrahim Guler, Tamer Altinok, Sevgi Pekcan, Abdussamed Batur, Hüseyin Ozbiner
Departments of Radiology, Thoracic Surgery, and Pediatric Chest Diseases, Necmettin Erbakan University Meram Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Konya Research and Education Hospital, Konya, Turkey
Date of Submission: 11-Sep-2013, Date of Acceptance: 10-Oct-2013, Date of Web Publication: 31-Dec-2013.
A number of diseases produce focal or multiple thin-walled or thick-walled air- or fluid-containing cysts or cavitary lung lesions in both infants and children. In infants and children, there is a spectrum of focal or multifocal cystic and cavitary lung lesions including congenital lobar emphysema, congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, pleuropulmonary blastoma, bronchogenic cyst, pulmonary sequestration, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, airway diseases, infectious diseases (bacterial infection, fungal infection, etc.), hydatid cysts, destroid lung, and traumatic pseudocyst. For the evaluation of cystic or cavitary lung lesion in infants and children, imaging plays an important role in accurate early diagnosis and optimal patient management. Therefore, a practical imaging approach based on the most sensitive and least invasive imaging modality in an efficient and cost-effective manner is paramount. We reviewed the conventional radiographs and computed tomography findings of the most common cystic and cavitary lung lesions in infants and children.
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