Ectopic pregnancies occur in approximately 1.4% of all pregnancies and account for 15% of pregnancy-related deaths. Considering the high degree of mortality, recognizing an ectopic pregnancy is important. Signs and symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy are nonspecific and include pain, vaginal bleeding, and an adnexal mass. Therefore, imaging can play a critical role in diagnosis. There are different types of ectopic pregnancies, which are tubal, cornual, cesarean scar, cervical, heterotopic, abdominal, and ovarian. Initial imaging evaluation of pregnant patients with pelvic symptoms is by ultrasonography, transabdominal, transvaginal or both. We review the sonographic appearance of different types of ectopic pregnancies that will aid in accurate and prompt diagnosis.
Keywords: Cervical, Cesarean Scar, Cornual, Heterotopic, Ultrasonography Of Ectopic Pregnancy
Cited in 4 Documents
Anuja Thomas, Nimisha Srivastava, Iqbal Tintoiya and Sushil Kumar (2017) Splenic Pregnancy: A Case Report. J Obstet Gynecol India67(4):291. doi: 10.1007/s13224-016-0947-2
Bassem Refaat, Elizabeth Dalton and William L Ledger (2015) Ectopic pregnancy secondary to in vitro fertilisation-embryo transfer: pathogenic mechanisms and management strategies. Reprod Biol Endocrinol13(1):. doi: 10.1186/s12958-015-0025-0
Gabriele Masselli, Martina Derme, Francesca Laghi, Marialuisa Framarino-dei-Malatesta and Gianfranco Gualdi (2015) Evaluating the Acute Abdomen in the Pregnant Patient. Radiologic Clinics of North America53(6):1309. doi: 10.1016/j.rcl.2015.06.013
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as the author is credited and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.