Over the past few decades, MRI of the prostate has made great strides in improving cancer detection and is being embraced by more clinicians each day. This article aims to review the imaging characteristics of common and uncommon, but consequential lesions involving the seminal vesicles (SV), as seen predominantly on MRI. Many of these findings are seen incidentally during imaging of the prostate. Anatomy and embryology of the SV will be described which will help illustrate the associations of abnormalities seen. Congenital, infectious, neoplastic, and tumor mimics will be explored in detail, with discussion on clinical presentation and treatment strategies.
Liangyu Zhao, Zijue Zhu, Chencheng Yao, Yuhua Huang, Erlei Zhi, Huixing Chen, Ruhui Tian, Peng Li, Qingqing Yuan, Yunjing Xue, Zhong Wan, Chao Yang, Yuehua Gong, Zuping He and Zheng Li (2018) VEGFC/VEGFR3 Signaling Regulates Mouse Spermatogonial Cell Proliferation via the Activation of AKT/MAPK and Cyclin D1 Pathway and Mediates the Apoptosis by affecting Caspase 3/9 and Bcl-2. Cell Cycle17(2):225. doi: 10.1080/15384101.2017.1407891
Yu Xuan Kitzing, Adilson Prando, Celi Varol, Gregory S. Karczmar, Fiona Maclean and Aytekin Oto (2016) Benign Conditions That Mimic Prostate Carcinoma: MR Imaging Features with Histopathologic Correlation. RadioGraphics36(1):162. doi: 10.1148/rg.2016150030
Lucio Dell'Atti (2016) Importance of an Early Diagnosis in Primary Adenocarcinoma of the Seminal Vesicle. Rare Tumors8(1):36. doi: 10.4081/rt.2016.6187
Saher Zaidi, Jason Gandhi, Omar Seyam, Gunjan Joshi, Wayne C. Waltzer, Noel L. Smith and Sardar Ali Khan (2018) Etiology, Diagnosis, and Management of Seminal Vesicle Stones. Curr Urol:113. doi: 10.1159/000489429
Tatiane Souza Oliveira, Dimitrius Nikolaos Jaconi Stamoulis, Luis Ronan Marquez Ferreira de Souza, Antonio Carlos Oliveira Meneses and Monise Marques Mori (2018) Leiomyoma of the seminal vesicle. Radiol Bras51(3):200. doi: 10.1590/0100-3984.2016.0159
Yu-Ling Hsu, I-Chen Lin and Chun-Liang Tung (2017) 18F-FDG PET/CT of Seminal Vesicle Metastasis From Ascending Colon Adenocarcinoma. Clinical Nuclear Medicine42(2):138. doi: 10.1097/RLU.0000000000001519
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