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Technical innovations in imaging sciences


The Influence of Fasting in Summer on Amniotic Fluid During Pregnancy

Ayşegül AltunkeserMuslu Kazım Körez
Department of Radiology, Konya Education and Research HospitalDepartment of Statistics, Faculty of Science, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey
Date of Submission: 22-Feb-2016, Date of Acceptance: 20-Apr-2016, Date of Web Publication: 26-May-2016.
Corresponding Author:
Corresponding Author

Ayşegül Altunkeser

Department of Radiology, Konya Education and Research Hospital, Meram, Konya, Turkey.
E-mail: aaltunkeser@hotmail.com

Corresponding Author:
Corresponding Author

Ayşegül Altunkeser

Department of Radiology, Konya Education and Research Hospital, Meram, Konya, Turkey.
E-mail: aaltunkeser@hotmail.com

DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.183041 Facebook Twitter Google Linkedin

ABSTRACT


Objectives: Ramadan is a holy month in which eating and drinking are forbidden from dawn to sunset. In this study, we investigated using ultrasonography (USG) whether fasting in summer (as occurred in Ramadan 2014) had an influence on the volume of amniotic fluid during pregnancy. Materials and Methods: The study included 119 pregnant women in total who were admitted to our department with a request of obstetric USG between June 28, 2014, and July 27, 2014. The fasting group included 61 pregnant women and the control group of 58 pregnant women. In our study, all the fasting pregnant women had Sahur (predawn meal eaten before starting fasting) and Iftar (the evening meal for fast‑breaking) every day, regularly. The women in the control group did not fast. In addition to amniotic fluid index and fetal biometric measurements during Ramadan, amniotic fluid volume was measured ultrasonographically throughout pregnancy. All ultrasound examinations were performed at least 8 h after Sahur during Ramadan. Chi‑square test was utilized to compare the measurements of amniotic fluid volume, and Mann–Whitney U‑test was utilized to analyze the differences in fetal growth data. Moreover, difference was considered statistically significant when the P value was <0.05. Results: The mean age was 25.7 years in the fasting group and 25.8 years in the control group. Other characteristics and mean gestational weeks of the two groups were similar. Ultrasonographically, there was no significant difference between two groups in respect to amniotic fluid amount during pregnancy (P = 0.7). There was no significant difference with regard to fetal growth parameters either (P > 0.05). Conclusion: In pregnant women who had regular predawn and fast‑breaking meals, fasting in summer did not elicit alteration in the amount of amniotic fluid throughout pregnancy.
Keywords: Amniotic fluid, Ramadan, ultrasonography

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