Go Back
This abstract was viewed 77 times

Pictorial essay


Sinonasal Fungal Infections and Complications: A Pictorial Review.

Jose Gavito-HigueraCarola Birgit MullinsLuis Ramos-DuranHugo SandovalNassim AkleRamon Figueroa
Department of Radiology, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, El Paso, TX 79905Department of Radiology and Imaging, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, GA 30912, USA
Date of Submission: 13-Apr-2016, Date of Acceptance: 19-May-2016, Date of Web Publication: 14-Jun-2016.
Corresponding Author:

Carola Birgit Mullins

Department of Radiology, Texas Tech University Health Science Center, 4800 Alberta Avenue, El Paso, TX 79905, USA.
E-mail: carola.mullins@yahoo.com

Corresponding Author:

Carola Birgit Mullins

Department of Radiology, Texas Tech University Health Science Center, 4800 Alberta Avenue, El Paso, TX 79905, USA.
E-mail: carola.mullins@yahoo.com

DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.184010 Facebook Twitter Google Linkedin

ABSTRACT


Fungal infections of the nose and paranasal sinuses can be categorized into invasive and non-invasive forms. The clinical presentation and course of the disease is primarily determined by the immune status of the host and can range from harmless or subtle presentations to life threatening complications. Invasive fungal infections are categorized into acute, chronic or chronic granulomatous entities. Immunocompromised patients with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus, HIV and patients receiving chemotherapy or chronic oral corticosteroids are mostly affected. Mycetoma and Allergic Fungal Rhinosinusitis are considered non-invasive forms. Computer tomography is the gold-standard in sinonasal imaging and is complimented by Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as it is superior in the evaluation of intraorbital and intracranial extensions. The knowledge and identification of the characteristic imaging patterns in invasive - and non- invasive fungal rhinosinusitis is crucial and the radiologist plays an important role in refining the diagnosis to prevent a possible fatal outcome.
Keywords: Complications, Fungal Infections, Invasive, Magnetic Resonance Imaging And Computed Tomography, Non-invasive, Sinonasal

Cited in 6 Documents

  1. V. P. Singh, Chetan Bansal and Madhuri Kaintura (2018) Sinonasal Mucormycosis: A to Z. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg :. doi: 10.1007/s12070-018-1384-6
  2. Maddalena Manfredi, Luciano Polonelli, Laura Giovati, Ali Alnuaimi and Michael J. McCullough (2019) Contemporary Oral Medicine. (Chapter 1):935. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-72303-7_1
  3. Thomas Hendriks, Samuel Leedman, Mark Quick and Aanand Acharya (2019) Non-invasive fungal sinusitis resulting in multiple cranial nerve neuropathies. BMJ Case Rep 12(4):e229094. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2018-229094
  4. Mohammad Javad Najafzadeh, Karim Jalaeian Samani, Jos Houbraken, Majid Alizadeh, Abdolmajid Fata, Ali Naseri, Hossein Zarrinfar and Mehdi Bakhshaee (2017) Identification of fungal causative agents of rhinosinusitis from Mashhad, Iran. Curr Med Mycol 3(3):5. doi: 10.29252/cmm.3.3.5
  5. Masoud Mardani, Yazdanali Faghani, Mahdi Tabarraee and Sara Abolghasemi (2016) Clinical Manifestation and Diagnosis of Invasive Fungal Sinusitis in Patients with Hematological Malignancy. Arch Clin Infect Dis 11(4):. doi: 10.5812/archcid.36566
  6. Maddalena Manfredi, Luciano Polonelli, Laura Giovati, Ali Alnuaimi and Michael J. McCullough (2018) Contemporary Oral Medicine. (Chapter 1-1):1. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-28100-1_1-1

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as the author is credited and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.