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Case report


Bronchial Artery Aneurysm with Associated Bronchial Artery to Pulmonary Artery Fistula: Treatment by Embolization

Caleb G HsiehThomas LeKeren FogelfeldNader Kamangar
Department of Medicine,Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Olive View - UCLA Medical Center, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA1Department of Radiological Sciences, Division of Interventional Radiology, Olive View - UCLA Medical Center, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA
Date of Submission: 16-Jun-2016, Date of Acceptance: 29-Dec-2016, Date of Web Publication: 27-Jan-2017.
Corresponding Author:
Corresponding Author

Nader Kamangar

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Medicine and Critical Care, UCLA Medical Center, David Geffen School of Medicine, Sylmar, CA 91342, USA
E-mail: kamangar@ucla.edu

Corresponding Author:
Corresponding Author

Nader Kamangar

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Pulmonary Medicine and Critical Care, UCLA Medical Center, David Geffen School of Medicine, Sylmar, CA 91342, USA
E-mail: kamangar@ucla.edu

DOI: 10.4103/2156-7514.199052 Facebook Twitter Google Linkedin

ABSTRACT


Bronchial artery aneurysm (BAA) is a rare vascular phenomenon. This review highlights a case of a BAA that was complicated by the presence of a bronchial artery to pulmonary artery (BA-PA) fistula, consequently presenting a unique challenge to management. BAAs have a strongly reported risk of rupture resulting in life-threatening hemoptysis. Embolization has thus become routine for the management such severe cases. The management of incidentally found anomalies is less obvious, but prophylactic embolization is a generally accepted practice. In this report, we review some of the risks and benefits associated with BAA embolization with specific consideration of the challenges in cases of co-existing BA-PA fistula.
Keywords: Bronchial artery aneurysm, Bronchial artery to pulmonary artery fistula, Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation

Cited in 2 Documents

  1. Haruhiko Shiiya, Yasuhiro Suzuki, Shigeo Yamazaki and Kichizo Kaga (2019) Thoracoscopic Bronchial Artery Resection for Multiple Bronchial Artery Aneurysms. ATCS :. doi: 10.5761/atcs.cr.18-00275
  2. Enrique M. San Norberto, José Urbano García, José M. Montes and Carlos Vaquero (2018) Endovascular treatment of bronchial aneurysms. The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 156(2):e109. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2017.12.121

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