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Original research article


A Factor Increasing Venous Contamination on Bolus Chase Three-dimensional Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Charcot Neuroarthropathy.

Mehmet B. ÇildağMustafa B. ErtuğrulÖmer FK. KöseoğluDavid G. Armstrong
Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and 1Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin, TurkeyDepartment of Surgery, Southern Arizona Limb Salvage Alliance, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, Ariz, USA
Date of Submission: 22-Oct-2017, Date of Acceptance: 07-Mar-2018, Date of Web Publication: 05-Apr-2018.
Corresponding Author:
Corresponding Author

Mehmet B. Çildag

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Adnan Menderes University, Aydın, Turkey.
E-mail: mbcildag@yahoo.com

Corresponding Author:
Corresponding Author

Mehmet B. Çildag

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Adnan Menderes University, Aydın, Turkey.
E-mail: mbcildag@yahoo.com

DOI: 10.4103/jcis.JCIS_77_17 Facebook Twitter Google Linkedin

ABSTRACT



Background:The study aimed to evaluate the ratio of venous contamination in diabetic cases without foot lesion, with foot lesion and with Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN).
Materials and Methods: Bolus-chase three-dimensional magnetic resonance (MR) of 396 extremities of patients with diabetes mellitus was analyzed, retrospectively. Extremities were divided into three groups as follows: diabetic patients without foot ulcer or Charcot arthropathy (Group A), patients with diabetic foot ulcers (Group B) and patients with CN accompanying diabetic foot ulcers (Group C). Furthermore, amount of venous contamination classified as no venous contamination, mild venous contamination, and severe venous contamination. The relationship between venous contamination and extremity groups was investigated.
Results: Severe venous contamination was seen in Group A, Group B, and Group C, 5.6%, 15.2%, and 34.1%, respectively. Statistically significant difference was seen between groups with regard to venous contamination.
Conclusion: Venous contamination following bolus chase MR was higher in patients with CN.
Keywords: Charcot neuroarthropathy, magnetic resonance angiography, venous contamination

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